Week 2

I. Unit 3 – Vocabulary book

  1. How healthy are you? A. Very healthy
     I eat…  at least once a day  a few times a week  once a week  rarely/never
     cakes or chocolate       
     fried fast foods      
  2. How to improve your diet
    • Make sure that you eat a (1)variety of foods. It is important to eat from all five food groups.
    • Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. These contain vital (2)nutrients and leading dietitians recommend eating at least two (3)servings of fruit and three vegetables every day.
    • Try to (4)maintain a healthy weight. Being too thin can cause as many health problems ass being (5)overweight. Remember, the correct weight for you depends on many different (6)factors including your age, height and sex.
    • Eat moderate portions and don’t be tempted to order a larger size when eating out. Shipping meals can lead to (7)overeating as you will be much hungrier later, so be sure you eat regularly if you want to curb your appetite.
    • You don’t need to eliminate all of your favorite foods but do check the (8)ingredients on food labels and make sure that you reduce your intake of foods that are high in fats, sugar and salt.
    • If you have a food allergy, make sure you avoid any of ingredients that can trigger an attack.
  3. Match the word.
    1. very important — vital
    2. food scientists — dietitians
    3. neither small nor large — moderate
    4. servings — portions
    5. missing out on — skipping 
    6. limit — curb
    7. desire — overeating appetite
    8. totally remove — eliminate
    9. a condition that causes illness If you eat certain food — allergy
    10. activate — trigger
  4. Hear part of a health talk
    The heart is a (1)muscle. A diet high in (2)fat can slow down the (3)blood flow and lead to heart problems. A heart attack is caused when an artery that (4)block carries blood to the heart becomes (5)die blocked. Patients must be given (6)treatment immediately. A stroke is caused when there is a blockage in an artery that leads to the (7)brain A stroke can have a major effect on your body and as yet there is no (8)cure. A healthy diet will keep your arteries (9)clear and can lower the (10)risk of a stroke or heart attack.
  5. Listen part 2
    – Three types of aerobic: 
    – Words:
    1. in a fixed pattern — regular
    2. quickly — briskly
    3. little by little — slowly gradually
    4. a strong suggestion — recommendation
    5. speed — pace
    6. doing something to excess — overdoing
    7. get better — recover
    8. every second one — alternate
  6. Word building:
     Noun  Verb Adjective
     harm   opp. =
    opp. =
     infection opp.=  
  7. Pronunciation
    θ ð
    bath, birth, breath, death, growth, health, mouth(n), teeth  bathe, breathe, mouth(v), teethe, writhe
  8. Complete the sentences 
    1. I took a deep breath before diving in the water
    2. The baby is crying because he’s teething. He got two new teeth only yesterday.
    3. Old people should take care of their health
    4. He’s been so happy since the  birth of his son.
    5. The pain was so bad she was writhing in agony .
    6. He can’t breathe. You need the get him to hospital.
  9.  Improve the essay
    1. good for your body — nutritious
    2. a lot of different — variety of
    3. very, very important — vital
    4. fat — overweight
    5. stop – prevent
    6. people getting too fat — obese obesity
    7. strongly advise — recommend
    8. swap — alternate
  10.  Answer the question
    1. In my opinion, young people are less fit than 50 years ago. Because they can eat more with variety of foods than 50 years ago and they use muscle or do exercise less than 50 years ago.
    2. My diet is more nutritious than when I was a young child. They include a variety of foods.
    3. I think in the future, our diet is very simple. We just need a pill to provide all vitamins and minerals 
  11.  Test practice
    1. True
    2. Not given True
    3. True Not given
    4. False
    5. D B
    6. B
    7. C
    8. B
    9. B

Final: words

  1. moderately, moderate
  2. factor
  3. ingredient
  4. nutrient
  5. servings
  6. portion
  7. curb
  8. appetite
  9. intake
  10. trigger
  11. allergy
  12. artery
  13. vital
  14. infect
  15. obese
  16. agony
  17. writhe
  18. mineral
  19. staple
  20. prehistoric
  21. apparatus
  22. acute
  23. disrupt
  24. nerve
  25. certainly
  26. diminish
  27. obvious
  28. nevertheless
  29. suicide
  30. severity